TYPE 2 diabetes sufferers can face a host of other complications and symptoms – foot ulcers and kidney problems. It is also linked to muscular issues but can even increase the risk of hypothyroidism.
Diabetes UK, a charity which helps people living with diabetes, said: “There are two types of thyroid disorder: hypothyroidism (where the body doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones) and hyperthyroidism (where it produces too much).
“Thyroid problems are more common in people with diabetes than those without diabetes, especially those with Type 1, because the body’s cells can attack the thyroid and destroy the cells as they do the insulin producing cells in the pancreas.
“Adults and children can be affected, and hypothyroidism is more common in people with Type 1.
A study by Professor Patricia Wu, from the University of California, said: “A number of reports have also indicated a higher than normal prevalence of thyroid disorders in type 2 diabetic patients, with hypothyroidism being the most common disorder.”
An underactive thyroid gland – hypothyroidism – occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the front of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple.
It makes a hormone called Thyroxine which is carried around the body and its affects work on nearly every single cell in the body.
Type 2 diabetes has been linked to a condition called frozen shoulder.
The condition is also known as adhesive capsulitis or shoulder contracture and can occur in people who have had previous shoulder surgery.
They said the condition is more common among people with diabetes, than those without and the figures are ‘quite startling’.
Experts have also linked diabetes to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome, mastopathy – when breast tissue become fibrous and diabetes insipidus, caused when the pituitary gland has a problem producing a hormone caused vasopressin.
Type 2 diabetes is a growing concern in the UK – with doctors estimating more than 3,000 people in the country are diagnosed with the condition every week.
The condition occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced does not work properly.
Symptoms of diabetes can vary – ranging from increased thirst, needing to urinate more – especially at night – feeling tired and having cuts or wounds which don’t heal quickly.
The symptoms are not always obvious, and many people could be suffering with the condition for years before they learn they have it.